Purpose and Uses of Hoses

Hoses are incredibly useful and versatile pieces of equipment. They come in a variety of shapes, sizes, materials, and lengths to suit any project or environment. Hoses are commonly used to transport fluids such as water, air, gas, oil, and other liquids. In addition to transporting these substances, hoses can also be used for suction, pressure reduction, drainage, and to control or reduce the flow of liquid.

Hoses are widely used in a variety of industrial and commercial applications. In the automotive industry, hoses are commonly used for fuel lines, brakes and cooling systems. Hoses are also widely used in gardening and landscaping; gardeners often use hoses to water plants and to create irrigation systems. Hoses are also used in manufacturing and construction, primarily for air supply, dust collection, suction, pressure relief, exhaust removal and heat insulation.

Types of hoses

Hoses come in a variety of sizes, shapes, and materials. Depending on their intended purpose, hoses may feature inner linings designed to resist certain types of chemicals or materials, such as petroleum products or abrasive particles. Some hoses are specifically designed for use with machinery; others are more suitable for general-purpose applications. Here is a brief overview of the different types of hoses:

Garden Hoses

These are flexible hoses that feature an inner lining designed to resist abrasion and corrosion from water, sunlight, oils, and other common chemicals found in outdoor environments. Garden hoses are available in various lengths and diameters to suit different applications.

Air Hoses

These are highly flexible hoses designed to transport compressed air from one location to another. Air hoses come in a variety of sizes and materials, including PVC and rubber for use with different types of compressors.

Suction Hoses

These are used to draw fluids or particles from tanks and other storage containers into machinery or other systems. Suction hoses can be rigid or flexible, depending on the specific application, and are often reinforced with metal coils for added strength during operation.

Steam Hoses

Steam hoses feature an inner lining designed to withstand high temperatures and pressure levels encountered within steam heating systems. These hoses are typically reinforced with wire and other materials to protect them from cracking.

Chemical Hoses

Chemical hoses feature an inner lining designed to withstand a wide range of chemicals, including acids, alkalis, and solvents. Chemical hoses may also be reinforced with additional protective layers to prevent leaks or reduce the permeability of hazardous materials.

Fuel Hoses

Fuel hoses are used in a variety of applications where there is potential for fuel transfer or leakage into the environment. These hoses feature an inner lining that is resistant to corrosive agents and other chemicals found in fuel systems.

Hydraulic Hoses

These are highly flexible hoses designed to transport liquid or fluids at high pressure. Hydraulic hoses are constructed using a series of layers, each of which is designed to provide superior strength and durability during operation.

No matter what type of hose you need, there is a solution available that will fit your application and budget. With the right knowledge, you can purchase the right hose for your needs without breaking the bank.

Hose Materials

Hoses are typically constructed using a combination of materials, depending on their intended purpose. Common materials used in the production of hoses include rubber, PVC (polyvinyl chloride), polyurethane, and silicone. Here is a more detailed look at each material:


Rubber hoses are highly flexible and resilient to abrasion. They have excellent resistance to environmental factors such as sunlight, chemicals, oils, and ozone. However, rubber can be prone to cracking or tearing if it is exposed to extreme temperatures for extended periods of time.


PVC has good resistance to acids and alkalis but may not stand up well against certain solvents or oils. It is highly resistant to abrasion but can become brittle when exposed to cold temperatures. PVC hoses are typically less expensive than rubber or polyurethane hoses.


This material is lightweight and durable, making it a great choice for many applications. Polyurethane has excellent resistance to oils and chemicals, as well as high flexibility and strength.


Silicone hoses are ideal for applications requiring frequent flexing and bending, such as automotive coolant systems. They have good heat resistance but may not stand up well against certain solvents or oils. Silicone also has very poor UV resistance unless specially treated with a protective coating.

No matter what type of material you choose, it is important to select a hose that meets your application needs. With the right combination of materials and knowledge, you can purchase the right hose for your needs without breaking the bank.

Hose Fittings and Attachments

In order to ensure that your hose system is properly functioning, it is important to understand the various types of fittings and attachments that are available. Depending on the specific application, certain components may be necessary for a secure connection between hoses and other components in your system.


Hose clamps are often used to form a secure connection between two hoses that need to be joined together. There are a wide variety of clamps available for different applications, including worm drive, hose band, and snap ring clamps.


Couplings are used to join two pieces of hose or pipe together. They are typically made from brass or stainless steel, and come in both male and female threads to ensure a tight seal when connected together.


Nipples are short connectors that can be used to join pipes or hoses together at an angle. These fittings are usually threaded on the outside so they can easily connect with other components.


Adapters are designed to allow you to connect hoses or pipes of different sizes. They come in a variety of sizes and shapes to accommodate different applications.


Valves are used to control the flow of fluids, gases, or air through a pipe or hose system. They can be manually operated, automatically operated, or remotely operated depending on the application.

These are just some of the basic fittings and attachments that may be necessary for your hose system. It is important to understand what components will best suit your specific needs in order to ensure proper performance of your system. Contact a local specialist if you need help selecting the appropriate fittings and attachments for your application.

About Author

My name is Randy Anderson and I am the creator of hosesguide.com, an online blog for all things related to hoses. With years of experience in the hose industry, I provide advice, tips, and tricks to help readers make informed decisions about their hose purchases. Join me as I explore the world of hoses and learn how to make the most of them. Read More About Me Here